Terms S-Z

Jewelry Guide: Glossary Terms: S-Z


When light reflects from a diamond, the sparkling flashes that come from the facets of the gem are known as scintillation.

Shallow cut

Cut refers to the angles and proportions a skilled craftsman creates in transforming a rough diamond into a finished diamond. When a diamond is cut too shallow, it will lose or leak light through the side or bottom. This results in less brilliance and value. Click here to learn more about cut.


Shape refers to form or appearance of a diamond – i.e. whether the diamond is round, triangular, square, marquise, pear, oval or heart-shaped.


The step cut has rows of facets that resemble the steps of a staircase. The emerald cut and the baguette are examples of the step cut.


A diamond’s symmetry is the arrangement of the facets and finished angles, created by the diamond cutter. Excellent symmetry of a well-cut and well-proportioned diamond can have a great effect on the diamond’s brilliance and fire. Grading reports will often state the diamond’s symmetry in terms Excellent, Very good, Good, Fair, or Poor. Click here to learn more about cut.

Table facet

This is the largest facet of a diamond. It is located on the top of the diamond. The table facet is sometimes referred to as the “face.”

Table spread

Term used to describe the width of the table facet, often expressed as a percentage of the total width of the stone.

Tension setting

A tension-set diamond is held in place by the pressure of the band’s metal, which is designed to “squeeze” the stone.

Tolkowsky, Marcel

In 1919 Marcel Tolkowsky calculated the best theoretical compromise for the cut of a diamond to release the most beauty. The width of the table facet was found to be 53% of the total width of the stone, with a pavilion angle of 40 degrees and 45 degrees. The Tolkowsky cut provides the basis for the modern American cut.

Trillion shape

Is a triangular-shaped diamond with 50 facets. Trillions are commonly used as sidestones.

Well cut

Well cut proportions ensure the maximum compromise between fire and brilliance. When light enters a properly cut diamond, it is reflected from facet to facet, and then back up through the top, exhibiting maximum brilliance, fire and sparkle.


Our Bridal Collection – let’s talk this section through as a group

Engagement and Wedding Rings

Don’t just ask her to marry you, show her that you want to be married forever. Visit our store and choose from an amazing collection of bridal jewelry or have a one of a kind engagment ring created just for her.

How to Buy the Perfect Ring

Ladies can come in to play “dress up” and if they come in on their own they can add jewelry to their wish list. In our store, we make it easy to know exactly what she wants, but still make the purchase a surprise. We are also experts at helping men pick out rings. Stop in and we’ll find the perfect fit for you and your special day.

There is more to a Wedding than just the rings!

Don’t forget these important wedding gifts:

  • · bridesmaid gifts
  • · groomsmen gifts
  • · gifts for your parents
  • · gifts for your flower girls


Jewelry is the perfect gift – timeless keepsakes that bring us fond memories. No gift of jewelry is too small and they will cherish your heartfelt appreciation.